Both Nickel 201 and Nickel 200 are commercially pure wrought materials that are solid solution strengthened, and enjoy commendable mechanical properties over an expansive range of temperatures while having good resistance to several corrosives, which includes hydroxides in particular. Nickel 201 basically is a modification of Nickel 200 to control carbon that prevents it from getting embrittled by intergranular precipitates in many processes where the temperature ranges from 600° F to 1400° F. In many cases, the elemental restrictions of nickel 200 and nickel 201 tend to be combined into single dual-certified chemistry that results in an alloy that features desired features of both Nickel 200/201.

Common forms in which Nickel 201 is available

  • Sheet
  • Plate
  • Bar
  • Pipe and Tube (both welded and seamless)
  • Wire

Fittings are another common form in which Nickel 201 can be found in. These fitting may include pipe nipples, flanges, long welding necks, slip-on, socket welds, and so on.

Chemical Composition

The chemical composition nickel 201 alloy is outlined in the following table.

ElementContent (%)
Nickel, Ni≥ 99
Iron, Fe≤ 0.4
Manganese, Mn≤ 0.35
Silicon, Si≤ 0.35
Copper, Cu≤ 0.25
Carbon, C≤ 0.020
Sulfur, S≤ 0.010

Physical Properties

The following table shows the physical properties of nickel 201 alloy.

Density8.89 g/cm30.321 lb/in3
Melting point1435 – 1446°C2615 – 2635°F

Key characteristics of Nickel 201

  • Highly resistant to diverse types of reducing chemicals
  • Commendable resistance to caustic alkalis
  • High electrical conductivity
  • Remarkable corrosion resistance to both distilled and natural waters
  • Good resistance to neutral and alkaline salt solutions
  • High resistance to dry fluorine
  • Extensively used in order to handle caustic soda
  • Great magnetostrictive, electrical and thermal properties
  • Provides an adequate level of resistance to sulfuric and hydrochloric at modest concentrations and temperatures

Nickel 201 is known to provide corrosion resistance in neutral and reducing media, and even oxidizing atmospheres in case the formation of a passive oxide film is not allowed by oxidizing media. This oxide film is known to account for various materials that have a high level of resistance in caustic environments. The corrosion rates of Nickel 201 in both rural and marine atmospheres are quite low. It additionally enjoys an incredible resistance to corrosion by natural and distilled waters. Even at high velocity, it tends to boasts of offering a remarkable service in flowing seawater. However, in very low-velocity seawater or stagnant water, a severe local attack might take place under fouling organisms or other types of deposits. The corrosion rates of this material would initially be high but would reduce with time in hot systems where the steam features air and carbon dioxide in particular portions, in case the conditions favor the development of a protective film.

Mechanical Properties

Nickel 201 Mechanical Properties
Room Temperature properties of Various Products

Product FormConditionTensile (ksi).2% Yield (ksi)Elongation (%)Hardness (HRB)
Alloy 201 Rod & BarHot Finished60-8515-4555-3545-80
Alloy 201 Bar & RodCold Drawn/Annealed or Hot-Finished/Annealed55-7515-3055-4045-70
Alloy 201 PlateHot-Rolled/Annealed55-8015-4060-4045-75
Alloy 201 SheetAnnealed55-7515-3055-4070 max
Alloy 201 Tube & PipeSeamless Annealed55-7512-3060-4070 max

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of nickel 201 alloy are given in the following table

Thermal expansion co-efficient (@20-100°C/68-212°F)13.1 µm/m°C7.28 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity79.3 W/mK550².°F

Fabrication with Nickel 201

When shaping this nickel alloy, people can make use of almost any type of hot working and cold working practices. The temperatures range between 1200° F and 2250° F must be used for hot working. When it comes to performing heavy forming; the temperatures must be above 1600° F. 1300° F and 1600° F would be the ideal temperature range for performing annealing. It is important to take care when selecting the anneal temperature and time as it can influence the structure and mechanical properties of the material to a good extent.

Nickel 201 is used in multiple industries. The common applications of this nickel alloy include food processing equipment, marine, and offshore engineering, salt production and caustic handling equipment.

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